Drugs for sedating horses gavin blakelock dating
Methods of managing pain in horses range from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and opioids to α-2 agonists and ketamine, among others.
Practitioners use local anesthetics (such as lidocaine and carbocaine) regularly for regional anesthesia in horses.
Toxicity generally results from overdosing the horse with medication, she said, and most episodes affect the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, or liver.
"Neonatal patients appear to be more susceptible to these undesirable effects," she added.
Gabapentin, though not currently widely used in horses, is being used in humans and small animals to treat neuropathic pain (caused by damage to the peripheral nerves, or the spinal cord).
Gabapentin is absorbed following oral administration to horses.